By Michael I. Posner
Teaching the Human mind, the made from 1 / 4 century of analysis, presents an empirical account of the early improvement of realization and self-regulation in babies and teenagers. It examines the mind components enthusiastic about regulatory networks, their connectivity, and the way their improvement is motivated through genes and adventure. hoping on the most recent recommendations in cognition and temperament size, neuroimaging, and molecular genetics, the booklet integrates study on neural networks universal to all people with reports of person transformations.
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Extra info for Educating the Human Brain
Important changes in the performance of these tasks are observed from 6 to 12 months. Comparison of performance between monkeys with brain lesions and human infants on the same marker tasks suggests that the tasks are sensitive to the development of the prefrontal cortex, and maturation of this brain area seems to be critical for the development of this form of inhibition. This approach is examined in more detail in chapters 3 and 4 (this volume). Individual Differences in Brain Structure and Function The study of the generalized mind and the study of individual differences in functioning are usually the province of two different areas of psychology.
For example, when the viewing of a stationary object is compared with viewing the same object placed in motion, there is activity in brain areas specifically related to motion, while the common effects of color and form are subtracted. These neuroimaging studies have almost universally found networks of cortical and subcortical areas that are altered between the two conditions, and the goal then is to relate this neural anatomy to the component operations or computations required by the task. 32 EDUCATING THE HUMAN BRAIN Design of Brain Imaging Studies Brain imaging reveals changes in the brain as people change what they are doing.
The temporal resolution of methods based on change in blood flow is relatively poor because it takes seconds for the neurons to change their blood supply. However, cognitive studies of these same mental operations have shown clearly that the operations involved occur in tens to hundreds of milliseconds. In the study of how networks of brain areas become active in real time, electrical activity from the scalp that is time-locked to stimulus events is recorded (the event-related potential [ERP] method).
Educating the Human Brain by Michael I. Posner