By Jeremy Waldron
Writers on human dignity approximately divide among those that rigidity the social origins of this idea and its position in marking rank and hierarchy, and those that stick with Kant in grounding dignity in an summary and idealized philosophical notion of people. In those lectures, Jeremy Waldron contrives to mix beautiful positive factors of either strands. within the first lecture, Waldron provides a belief of dignity that preserves its historic organization with rank and station, therefore permitting him to faucet wealthy historic assets whereas warding off what many understand because the over the top abstraction and doubtful metaphysics of the Kantian strand. even as he argues for a perception of human dignity that quantities to a generalization of excessive prestige throughout all people, and so attains the attractive universality of the Kantian place. the second one lecture focuses fairly at the value of dignity - understood during this method - as a standing defining individuals' relation to legislation: their presentation as people able to self-applying the legislation, able to featuring and arguing some degree of view, and in a position to responding to law's calls for with no brute coercion. jointly the 2 lectures light up the relation among dignity conceived because the flooring of rights and dignity conceived because the content material of rights; in addition they light up vital rules approximately dignity as noble bearing and dignity because the topic of a correct opposed to degrading remedy; and so they aid us comprehend the experience within which dignity is best conceived as a standing than as a type of worth.
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Additional info for Dignity, Rank, and Rights
Honor is of social origin: it derives from and reflects one's social position and the norms and attitudes that define it; whereas worth, at least as used by Kant, has metaphysical origins: the alleged radical autonomy of the noumenal self. Consequently, honor is in principle limited in scope, capable of privileging only those who occupy certain positions while excluding others who occupy different ones; whereas worth has a universal scope, applying to every human being as such. Relatedly, the distribution of honor is typically uneven and hierarchical, reflecting and indeed in part constituting social stratification; worth is evenly distributed over humanity as a whole.
Com Oxford is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of Oxford University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Waldron, Jeremy. p. cm. p. verso. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-19-991543-9 (alk. Title. 3—dc23 2012000941 1 3 5 7 9 8 6 4 2 Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper Contents Title Pages Contributors Introduction: Dignity and Its (Dis)content Dignity, Rank, and Rights Jeremy Waldron Lecture 1: Dignity and Rank Lecture 2: Law, Dignity, and Self-Control Comments Dignity Past and Present Aristocratic Dignity?
But if to encounter a human being is to encounter an intelligible being, it is to encounter a being with whom communication and hence mutual interpretation and understanding are in principle possible. For this to be the case, I must be able to see another's values, no matter how different from mine, as values, that is as ends capable of making sense of her life in the same way that my values make of mine. And so, in fixing my own identity, I must view myself as enacting and articulating a more abstract identity: my identity as a human being, which I share with everyone else.
Dignity, Rank, and Rights by Jeremy Waldron