### Download e-book for kindle: Scientific Research II: The Search for Truth by Mario Bunge (auth.)

By Mario Bunge (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3642481388

ISBN-13: 9783642481383

ISBN-10: 364248140X

ISBN-13: 9783642481406

This quantity is a logical sequel of quantity I, the quest for process: certainly, it issues the methods theoretical structures are positioned to paintings and subjected to check. but it may be learn independently by way of somebody accustomed to a few authentic theories, referring again to quantity I whilst important. certain Symbols AS;B the set A is incorporated within the set B AvB the union of the units A and B AnB the typical a part of the units A and B aEB the person a is in (or belongs to) the set A Card (A) cardinality (numerosity) of the set A AxB Cartesian made of the units A and B en(A) consequence(s) of the set A of assumptions equals by means of definition =dt definition Dt· a few x (or there's no less than one x such that) (3 x) e empirical datum e* translation of e right into a semiempirical, semitheoreticallanguage h speculation m(r) measured price of the measure r m(;) commonplace (or suggest) worth of a suite of measured values of ,; P-jT T presupposes P p, q arbitrary (unspecified) propositions (statements) P(x) x has the valuables P (or x is a P) {xl P(x)} set of the x such that each x is a P pVq p and/or q (inclusive disjunction) p &q p and q (conjunction) p-+q if p, then q (conditional or implication) p if and provided that q (biconditional or equivalence) p-q sum over i 2:; t theorem, testable consequence