By Baldur Thorhallsson
Why has Iceland no longer sought club of the ecu Union?This targeted quantity makes use of the case examine of Iceland - the single Nordic kingdom to have by no means utilized for ecu club - to discover the advanced attitudes of small states to eu intergration and supply a brand new theoretical procedure for figuring out such relationships.The individuals clarify why the Icelandic political elite has been relunctant to take part in eu integration. during this context, they examine the impact that Iceland's detailed courting with the U.S. and the fisheries zone have had on their dealings with the ecu. additionally thought of are 'new' variables, equivalent to nationwide administrative features and specific gains of the household area of the political elite, in addition to the elite's notion of diplomacy and its political discourse pertaining to independence and sovereignty.Iceland and ecu Integration will attract all these attracted to ecu integration and the diplomacy of small states
By Kasja Weenink, Leo Waaijers, Karen van Godtsenhoven
The Driver's consultant is a realistic consultant for repository managers and associations who are looking to construct their very own repository. This name comes in the OAPEN Library - http://www.oapen.org.
By Lutz Krafft (auth.)
Seit dem Ende der 1970er Jahre gilt das amerikanische Silicon Valley als Leitbild für eine erfolgreiche Regionalentwicklung. Die räumliche Nähe erlaubt es den dort angesiedelten Technologiegründungen, kollektive Standortvorteile zu nutzen und erfolgreich zu wachsen.
Am Beispiel des neu entstandenen Wirtschaftsbereichs Internet/E-Commerce untersucht Lutz Krafft Standortvorteile und selbstverstärkende Effekte, die bei der Entwicklung solcher räumlichen Cluster wirken. foundation seiner Untersuchung ist die bisher umfangreichste Erhebung von Internet-/E-Commerce-Gründungen in Deutschland: Mehr als 12.500 Unternehmen wurden according to Internetrecherche erfasst, on-line befragt und über einen Zeitraum von drei Jahren beobachtet, um die Entwicklung der Industrie und der Cluster im aspect zu verfolgen. Der Vergleich von Standortmustern und Standortfaktoren zeigt, welche Faktoren für die Wahl des Standortes suitable sind und welche die regionalen Ausfallraten beeinflussen. Abschließend leitet der Autor Ansatzpunkte für die Förderung und die erfolgreiche Entwicklung räumlicher Cluster ab.
By Ellen Eftestøl-Wilhelmsson
This paintings discusses the swiftly constructing ecu shipping coverage on sustainable freight and the hooked up efforts initiated via the ecu fee (EC) on greening shipping by means of the technique of agreement legislation.
Greening shipping has been a significant objective for the european for many years. the most challenge has been, and nonetheless is, that a ways an excessive amount of carriage of products in the ecu is played unimodally: by way of highway carriage by myself. This has triggered serious difficulties quite in imperative Europe, the place either exchange and setting is being affected by an useless delivery with growing to be difficulties of congestion and toxins. A modal shift in shipping from frequently highway established to a kind of delivery within which extra environmental pleasant modes reminiscent of rail, inland waterways and sea born shipping are built-in into one shipping chain, is for that reason an goal of the european. If profitable, this version may perhaps then be prolonged to the overseas delivery group.
The key query raised during this booklet is whether or not the conventional position of agreement legislations is altering to such an quantity that the events concerned needs to take exterior pursuits under consideration. on the subject of the EU’s efforts to augment sustainable carriage of products inside of its realm, the writer explores no matter if governmental interference is important, or if we will belief that the events will combine environmental concerns into their contracts simply because there's a call for for such clauses. different proposals for an european regime on multimodal contracts of carriage are mentioned during this context.
This e-book should be of significant relevance to lecturers and practitioners with an curiosity in european legislations, delivery legislations, environmental legislation and maritime legislations in general.
By Terrence Guay
The writer examines the level to which the ecu Union and its rules impact Europe's defence undefined. He means that the top of the chilly conflict and financial globalization are significant elements pushing defence commercial concerns to the local point. The booklet describes institutional struggles among the eu fee, Council and Parliament during this coverage region. The interdisciplinary strategy addresses political financial system, establishment construction, ecu safety and defence, transatlantic kin, commercial restructuring, and the effect of defence region curiosity groups.