Read e-book online Carbon and Coal Gasification: Science and Technology PDF

By Philip L. Walker Jr. (auth.), José L. Figueiredo, Jacob A. Moulijn (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9400943822

ISBN-13: 9789400943827

ISBN-10: 9401084483

ISBN-13: 9789401084482

Carbon gasification reactions shape the root of many very important commercial strategies, equivalent to the combustion of coal and the produc­ tion of synthesis gasoline, gas gases and activated carbons. also they are inquisitive about metallurgical techniques and within the regeneration of coked catalysts. hence, knowing the basics of carbon gasification is of important significance for extra technological improvement. furthermore, the topic is of interdisciplinary nature, regarding chemistry, ma­ terials technology and chemical engineering. for this reason, it used to be concept that a complicated learn Institute will be fruitful in developing the state-of-the-art, in bringing jointly specialists from a number of the sectors concerned and in settling on parts of required learn and commercial improvement. the sort of assembly used to be held at Alvor, Portugal, from the twentieth to the thirty first may possibly 1985, and the lectures provided the­ reof are accumulated during this quantity. the current quantity is equipped in seven chapters. The Intro­ duction offers the carbon gasification reactions an~ their rele­ vance for specific methods and business makes use of. within the moment bankruptcy, the constructions of carbon and coal are reviewed, including equipment of structural, chemical and textural characterization.

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Coalesced but still fluid mesophase) and eventually the semi-coke (hardened mesophase) adopts a quite complex arrangement of lamellae. The structure of coalesced mesophase possesses defects which are known as "disclinations" (24, 29). These are low energy defects some of which anneal out during the transformation of coalesced bulk but fluid mesophase to the stage of semi-coke (hardened mesophase). However, not all pyrolysing systems of pitch, coal or model compounds provide mesophase which grows and coalesces during pyrolysis (25).

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Chern. , 1, 59 (1947). P. L. Riley, Fuel, 27,-56 (1948). , K. D. D. Gilbert, Carbon, 22, 103 (1984). Ober1in~, Carbon, ~, 7 (1979). 56 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. Evans M. and H. Marsh, Characterization of Po~ous Solids, Eds. J. W. -F. Steock1i, SCI London, 67 (1979). C. J. Johnson, Carbon, ~, 25 (1979). , Carbon, 22, 251 (1984). P. A. Johnson, Carbon, ~, 39 (1984). Marsh H. P. Warburton, J. of App1. , 20, 133 (1970). Oya A. and H. Marsh, J. Materials Science, 17, 309 (1982).

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Carbon and Coal Gasification: Science and Technology by Philip L. Walker Jr. (auth.), José L. Figueiredo, Jacob A. Moulijn (eds.)

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