Download PDF by W. Boyd Barrick: BMH as Body Language: A Lexical and Iconographical Study of

By W. Boyd Barrick

ISBN-10: 0567026582

ISBN-13: 9780567026583

It is frequently assumed that the Hebrew notice BMH denotes a "high place," first a topographical elevation and derivatively a cult position increased both through place or construction. This publication deals a clean, systematic, and accomplished exam of the observe in these biblical and post-biblical passages the place it supposedly incorporates its basic topographical sense. Although the be aware is utilized in this manner in just a handful of its attestations, they're sufficiently a number of and contextually varied to yield sound systematic, instead of advert hoc, conclusions as to its semantic content. Special recognition is paid to its most probably Semitic and not going Greek cognates, pertinent literary, compositional, and text-critical concerns, and the ideological and iconographical atmosphere of every occurrence.

This examine concludes that the non-cultic notice BMH is admittedly *bomet, wearing basically (if no longer continuously) an anatomical experience approximate to English "back," occasionally multiplied to the "body" itself. The word bmty->rs (Amos 4:13, Micah 1:3, and CAT 1.4 VII 34; additionally Deut. 32:13a, Isa. 58:14ab-ba, and Sir. 46:9b) derives from the foreign mythic imagery of the Storm-God: it refers initially to the "mythological mountains," conceptualized anthropomorphically, which the god surmounts in theophany, symbolically expressing his cosmic victory and sovereignty. There isn't any example the place this notice (even 2 Sam. 1:19a and 1:25b) is unequivocally a topographical reference.

The implications of those findings for opting for the bamah-sanctuary are in short considered.

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Additional info for BMH as Body Language: A Lexical and Iconographical Study of the Word BMH When Not a Reference to Cultic Phenomena in Biblical and Post-Biblical Hebrew

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107]); V. , Excavations at Kition V, 255–56). Further, the “horns of consecration” suggest a Mycenaean, not a Near Eastern, association. 106. Noted by Burkert, Greek Religion, 51 and accompanying n. 52. The figures are dated to the twelfth to eleventh centuries; for discussion and bibliography, see D. Collon, “The Smiting God,” Levant 4 (1972): 111–34; A. M. Bisi, “La Diffusion du ‘Smiting God’ Syro-Palestinien dans la Milieu Phenicien d’Occident,” Karthago 19 (1980): 5–14; O. Negbi, “Evidence for Early Phoenician Communities on the Eastern Mediterranean Islands,” Levant 14 (1982): 179–82 (who speaks of “the introduction of a Canaanite deity to Aegean cult” [p.

Ward and M. S. Joukowsky; Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt, 1992), 10–26. 102. J. D. Muhly, “Phoenicia and Phoenicians,” in Biblical Archaeology Today (ed. J. Amitai; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1985), 177–91 (quotation from p. 183); similarly E. Guralnick, “East to West: Near Eastern Artifacts from Greek Sites,” in La Circulation des biens, des personnes et des idées dans le Proche-Orient ancien: Actes de la XXXVIIIe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationalle (Paris, 8–10 Juillet 1991) (ed.

Lu Myth,” 268. Note that the shaving is included in the formula; see de Moor, Seasonal Pattern, 193, and cf. the critique by S. E. ,” in Comparative Studies in Biblical and Ancient Oriental Literatures (AOAT 204; Neukirchen–Vluyn: Butzon & Bercker, 1980), 459–62. 20. g. Held, “Studies,” 406; Vaughan, Meaning, 4; de Moor, Anthology, 80–81, 82; Korpel, Rift in the Clouds, 89–90; Wyatt, Religious Texts from Ugarit, 127 and n. 57 (translating “breast,” but giving “back” as an acceptable alternative); Loretz, “Literarische Quellen,” 349–50.

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BMH as Body Language: A Lexical and Iconographical Study of the Word BMH When Not a Reference to Cultic Phenomena in Biblical and Post-Biblical Hebrew by W. Boyd Barrick


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