By Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev
This e-book specializes in defence opposed to organic struggle with an emphasis on purposes of contemporary applied sciences and complex fabrics in detection, future health security and scientific remedy of the inhabitants. particular subject matters comprise high-throughput delicate detection equipment, complex nanostructured fabrics and strategies for exterior and inner safety of human wellbeing and fitness, in addition to extracorporeal tools, adsorptive fabrics and bacteriophages decontaminating the human organism, and neutralising included CBRN brokers. The contributions describe contemporary advancements within the box of biodefence aimed toward holding inhabitants opposed to terrorism and terror similar occasions. Broader methods to decreasing the influence of environmental pollutants on human health and wellbeing and bettering potency of scientific remedy of sufferers with viral infections, poisoning and organ failure also are mentioned.
Read Online or Download Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - A: Chemistry and Biology) PDF
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Additional info for Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - A: Chemistry and Biology)
2 History of Discovery, Classification and Chemistry of Nano-Objects Before discussing any adverse effects of nano-objects on humans and the environment, it is necessary to classify nano-objects, identify their main sources and understand their chemical properties. Nano-objects certainly existed in nature long before they attracted interest of researchers. Carbon nanoparticles have been continuously generated and released in the atmosphere by forest fires and volcanic eruption. Nature has also designed unique living nano-tools.
Yang W, Thordarson P, Gooding JJ et al (2007) Carbon nanotubes for biological and biomedical application. Porter AE, Gass M, Muller K et al (2007) Direct imaging of single-walled carbon nanotubes in cells. Smart SK, Cassady AI, Lu GQ et al (2006) The biocompatibility of carbon nanotubes. Schipper ML, Nakayama-Ratchford N, Davis CR et al (2008) A pilot toxicology study of single-walled carbon nanotubes in a small sample of mice. Zhu L, Chang DW, Dai L et al (2007) DNA Damage induced by multiwalled carbon nanotubes in mouse embryonic stem cells.
While standard gas adsorption techniques give complementary information on these processes, scattering measurements, such as small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), offer two important advantages, namely direct spatial information on the distribution of the adsorbate, and measurements on samples at equilibrium. In addition, small angle neutron scattering (SANS) offers the possibility of discriminating between two or more adsorbed species. This article describes the use of SAXS and wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) to detect the adsorption of water vapour on two different NPCs.
Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - A: Chemistry and Biology) by Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev