By Peter Kowey, Gerald Naccarelli
Filling a spot within the literature, this all-encompassing reference explores the epidemiology, mechanisms, and pathophysiology of atrial traumatic inflammation and compiles the most recent diagnostic and remedy practices for sufferer care. The publication summarizes the newest advances in symptom aid, drug improvement, equipment administration, and long term keep an eye on of center rhythm abnormalities and studies the newest experiences at the prevention of stroke and different thromboembolic occasions in sufferers with valvular and nonvalvular atrial traumatic inflammation. eventually, it deals new suggestions to enhance the remedy and results of sufferers being affected by the myriad of problems linked to atrial traumatic inflammation.
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Additional resources for Atrial Fibrillation (Fundamental and Clinical Cardiology)
15. 30 Podrid prevalence of hypertension in the general population makes it the single most common cause of AF. Several population-based studies have found that 37 to 50% of patients with AF have a history of hypertension. 7, respectively) (16). Approximately 50% of the subjects who developed AF had a history of hypertension, and hypertension was associated with a 50% excess risk of developing AF. In the AFFIRM trial of 4060 patients, 71% had a history of hypertension (17). In the Framingham study, the population-attributable risk—which provides an estimate of the percentage of AF that would be eliminated if a risk factor were not present in the population—associated with hypertension was 14%.
An elevated level of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) may also be helpful (56–58). 6) (56). The association between ANP and AF was also found in another study, which examined 100 patients with and without AF (58). 6 vs. 7 ng/mL); this association was independent of left atrial volume and left ventricular ejection fraction. 1. Dilated Cardiomyopathy There is a high incidence of AF in patients with a dilated, congestive cardiomyopathy regardless of the etiology (7,46,59). In most cases AF is the result of HF and associated mitral or tricuspid regurgitation.
52. Tsang TS, Barnes ME, Bailey KR, Leibson CL, Montgomery SC, Takemoto Y, et al. Left atrial volume: important risk marker of incident atrial ﬁbrillation in 1655 older men and women. Mayo Clin Proc 2001; 76:467–475. 53. Sanﬁlippo AJ, Abascal VM, Sheehan M, Oertel LB, Harrigan P, Hughes RA, et al. Atrial enlargement as a consequence of atrial ﬁbrillation. A prospective echocardiographic study. Circulation 1990; 82:792–797. 54. Petersen P, Kastrup J, Brinch K, Godtfredsen J, Boysen G. Relation between left atrial dimension and duration of atrial ﬁbrillation.
Atrial Fibrillation (Fundamental and Clinical Cardiology) by Peter Kowey, Gerald Naccarelli