By Terrence Guay
The writer examines the level to which the ecu Union and its rules impact Europe's defence undefined. He means that the top of the chilly conflict and financial globalization are significant elements pushing defence commercial concerns to the local point. The booklet describes institutional struggles among the eu fee, Council and Parliament during this coverage region. The interdisciplinary strategy addresses political financial system, establishment construction, ecu safety and defence, transatlantic kin, commercial restructuring, and the effect of defence region curiosity groups.
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Additional resources for At Arm’s Length: The European Union and Europe’s Defence Industry
The expense of increasingly sophisticated weapons technology has been one impetus for cooperation. The overcapacity in this sector and challenges from international competitors are causing European governments and defense firms to struggle with the question of defense reorganization, on a national and multilateral basis, to ensure that a competitive defense industrial base is maintained. 26 The options for a specific firm are simply reorganizing internally, exiting defense production and refocusing on other business (such as disarmament monitoring), or (like some tank producers and shipbuilders) increasing civilian-oriented businesses.
In October 1994, seven European aeronautics research establishments signed an association agreement to strengthen Europe's aeronautical technology base. 29 The agreement contains an action plan for either civil or military uses, aiming to develop and execute joint research programs and technology acquisition projects, to rationalize resources by coordinating use and investment in major facilities for common European needs, and to exchange qualified personnel. As will be discussed in Chapter 3, the EU's Framework Programs are specifically designed to encourage R&D collaboration between firms in two or more countries.
A shift in European defense policy coordination from being largely intergovernmental to a more institutionalized approach (which could include the creation of a common armaments procurement agency) will have a direct bearing on industrial restructuring. Finally, industrial consolidation in the US has produced a handful of huge and highly competitive defense firms, and the proliferation of technologies will continue to improve the competitiveness of arms suppliers in developing countries. These factors underline the extent to which European states are Introduction 21 becoming more economically and politically interdependent.
At Arm’s Length: The European Union and Europe’s Defence Industry by Terrence Guay