By Edward Bleiberg
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Additional resources for Arts And Humanities Through The Eras. The Age of the Baroque and Enlightenment, 1600-1800 C.E
In these cities new, planned squares, filled with attractive brick and stone edifices, gradually replaced the half-timbered, wooden houses that had long been the primary feature of the urban landscape. One catalyst for change in London was the city’s Great Fire in 1666 that destroyed the vast majority of the city’s houses and churches. Sir Christopher Wren’s ambitious plans to rebuild London as a city of broad streets and classical buildings could not be achieved. The expense of his designs, as well as long-standing traditions and laws guarding private property, ensured that most 6 of London continued to be a tangled web of dark streets and alleyways.
Bellori dedicated his work to Louis XIV’s chief minister Colbert, who actively supported classicism in that country by encouraging the king to found the Royal Academy in 1671. As for architecture, we say that the architect ought to conceive a noble Idea and to establish an understanding that may serve him as law and reason; since his inventions will consist of order, arrangement, measure, and eurythmy of whole and parts. But in respect to the decoration and ornaments of the orders, he may be certain to find the Idea established and based on the examples of the ancients, who as a result of long study established this art, the Greeks gave it its scope and best proportions, which are confirmed by the most learned centuries and by the consensus of a succession of learned men, and which became the laws of an admirable Idea and a final beauty.
The largest and most important of building projects undertaken at the time were in and around Rome. At the beginning of his pontificate, Pope Julius II (r. 1503–1513) signaled his determination to transform Rome into a grand capital of all Christendom. During the Middle Ages the city had grown into a tangled web of dark, winding streets filled with mud huts and brick tenements. Julius wanted to redesign Rome, to transform it into a city of squares, impressive churches, and imposing public buildings that made use of developing architectural ideas.
Arts And Humanities Through The Eras. The Age of the Baroque and Enlightenment, 1600-1800 C.E by Edward Bleiberg