By William Lyons
Methods to Intentionality is an authoritative and available account of an issue relevant to modern philosophy of brain. Lyons first supplies a severe survey of the present debate concerning the nature of intentionality, then strikes directly to provide an unique new idea. The ebook is written all through in a transparent, direct, and full of life variety.
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Additional resources for Approaches to Intentionality
Indeed, according to a familiar story, full-ﬂedged realism or anti-reductionism about relations did not appear until the late nineteenth century, when it burst onto the philosophical scene almost wholly unprepared for. As David Armstrong suggests: Philosophy has been a long time coming to grips with the category of relations. . It is not until the late nineteenth and the twentieth century with C. S. 1 Echoing these sentiments, with a bit more caution, John Heil writes in his recent entry on relations in the Routledge Companion to Metaphysics: Indeed, the history of philosophical discussion of relations divides conveniently into the period before and the period after the late nineteenth century.
Yates suggests several ways for Aristotelians to resolve this tension, but argues that all tenable options involve individuative type-level causal relations between powers. While the individuative relations between powers are internal in the sense that powers are essentially related, this is a different sense of ‘internal’ to the one that justiﬁes reduction of token causal relations to the intrinsic powers of their relata, and not a sense that supports reducibility of the relations in question.
Alternatively, one could argue a priori against very idea of an irreducible relational property. Broadly speaking, ancient thinkers 28 These conditionals are of course logically equivalent, given that a relation is internal2 iff it is not external2, and that ‘irreducible’ is the negation of ‘reducible’. I have included them both for clarity. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 14/10/2015, SPi ANNA MARMODORO AND DAVID YATES favoured this latter strategy, whereas contemporary metaphysicians sceptical about relations typically embrace the ﬁrst.
Approaches to Intentionality by William Lyons