By Paul C. Winther
Anglo-European technological know-how and the Rhetoric of Empire offers the recorded evidence of allegedly scientific use of opium in colonial India and British exam and supreme recognition of this tradition. putting the opium controversy in its vast context, the e-book sheds gentle on British diplomatic equipment for prolonging colonial rule.
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Additional info for Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895
Eating opium or ingesting one of its alkaloids, therefore, were not merely alternate modes of introduction. Physicians who substituted one method for the other were mistaken if they predicted identical or similar reactions in a patient. In other words, alkaloids such as morphine and narcotine were not clones of the mother drug. 26 Battley’s experiments (1823/24a; 1823/24b) also revealed that samples of crude opium obtained in the marketplace did not have consistent percentages 24 Chapter I of morphine.
Dott reviewed the opium alkaloid research literature. He concluded that morphine, codeine, and narceine were indeed the drug’s most physiologically and psychologically significant entities. The idea was already commonplace among members of the western scientific community. Dott does not mention narcotine (1876:239-40). The omission denotes its minor status among leading researchers in the mid-1870s. One of these authorities was Frederick Fluckiger. His name is synonymous with the evaluation of opium and its components during the 1870s.
Then, in 1868, J. C. Brough’s analysis of six samples of opium from different parts of the world prompted a modification of the formula. He extracted opianic acid and cotarnine from the samples’ inherent narcotine. These alkaloids had been previously discovered, albeit not in combination with narcotine. Chemists had long suspected their presence in Blyth’s material, and Broughs work now confirmed the speculation. Subsequent analyses resulted in modification of the formula for cotarnine, and confirmation for the composition of opianic acid (Brough 1868-69:211).
Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895 by Paul C. Winther