By E. Ostenfeld
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Extra info for Ancient Greek Psychology and the Modern Mind-Body Debate
Or more generally, rationality has to do with the proper exercise of an agent's or being's reason, intelligence, or cognitive resources: Normative Rationality: An agent or a being is rational if it exercises its reason (intelligence or cognitive resources) properly or responsibly. In the following discussion I will reserve the terms "human reason," "intelligence," and "cognitive resources" for the first sense of rationality and "rationality" for the second one. 2 Deontological Rationality How then might rationalitythe proper, reasonable, or intelligent exercise of reasonbe characterized?
The last chapter is a short summary of some of the main points of the whole discussion. < previous page page_17 next page > < previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 2 The Nature of Rationality The questions we shall address in this chapter have to do with the general characterization of rationality. What is rationality? What does it mean to say that something (a belief, a person, an action, and so on) is rational? Many contemporary philosophers have been less interested in this question and instead moved on and tried to explicate under what conditions a belief, an action, and the like, is rational.
Rationality consists in the efficient pursuit of preferences. This second account of the nature of rationality can be called a means-end conception of rationality (or ''instrumental" or "means-end rationality"). According to the advocates of means-end rationality, there is no rationality as such, nothing we do can be rational per se. Instead, questions of rationality are always goal-related. "13 Therefore, choice of a means (strategy, method, or procedure, and the like) is rational to the extent that it is efficient for achieving a given goal.
Ancient Greek Psychology and the Modern Mind-Body Debate by E. Ostenfeld