By Henk Courtz
The Carib language, also known as Galibi or precise Carib, is spoken by means of a few 7000 humans dwelling in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Brazil. Henk Courtz's booklet, initially a Leiden collage Ph.D. dissertation, encompasses a specified description of Carib grammar and the main broad stock of Carib lexemes and affixes to this point. the fabric is of curiosity to students within the fields of linguistic typology, comparative Cariban linguistics, Carib dialects, and to somebody who's curious to understand extra in regards to the Carib language of South-America. Please stopover at the publisher's site (www.MagoriaBooks.com) for excerpts and errata.
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Extra info for A Carib grammar and dictionary
78 Commonly, the term ‘nucleus’ is used for the obligatory phonemic part of a syllable, while the terms ‘onset’ and ‘coda’ are used for optional phonemes that may accompany a nucleus. 19). e. e. its stress pattern is the same in different contexts. e. its stress or absence of stress is an extension of the stress pattern of a word that has independent stress) is called a clitic. A unit of a word and the clitics that depend on it, is traditionally called a phonological word. Intonation is the variation of pitch that is not part of a stress pattern in a language.
Po/ ‘bring forward’ (from /patka/; cf. T pataka ‘bring forward’) ‘head’ (from /uputpo/; cf. T putupë ‘head’) In the examples given so far, /Q/ represents the remnant of a plosive phoneme. However, there is evidence that /Q/ may have its origin in non-plosive phonemes as well. The evidence found both within the Carib language and, more often, in related languages shows that /Q/ may be the remnant of an /r/, /j/ or /w/ that originally followed the consonant preceding which /Q/ is found. Examples: /kapiQwa/ /oQkiiN/ /iQpopu/ /moQko/ /-Qpa/ /iQme/ /iQpoNka/ /saraQka/ /Qwa/ 90 ‘capybara’ (from /kapiwra/; cf.
A Carib grammar: Sounds /moQkaroN/ /iQkere-/ /iQkaiki/ /paraQka/ /aQka/ | 27 | ‘those (persons)’ (from /mokjaNro/; cf. Kp mikjamro ‘those (persons)’) ‘cassava’ (from /(i)kjere-/; cf. /kijere/ ‘cassava’) ‘diarrhea’ (from /(i)kwaiki/; cf. /kawaiku/ ‘diarrhea’) ‘chachalaca’ (from /(p)arakwa/; cf. Wj arakwa ‘chachalaca’) ‘spirit’ (from /(j)akuwa/; cf. /jakuwa/ ‘shaman’s spirit’; Ap akua ‘spirit’, Pm auka ‘spirit’) Additional evidence for a non-plosive origin of the plosive coda phoneme can be found in a few pairs of semantically similar verbs of which one verb appears to be the reduced form of the other.
A Carib grammar and dictionary by Henk Courtz