By James H. Smylie
A short heritage of the Presbyterians deals laity and clergy a succint and thorough creation to the heritage of Presbyterianism. James Smylie chronicles the origins of the Reformed culture and includes the sage via every one next period as much as the eve of the twenty-first century, concentrating on Presbyterianism in North the USA.
All the main figures within the heritage of Presbyterianism, akin to John Calvin, Francis Makemie, and John Witherspoon are incorporated, in addition to a number of others.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of the Presbyterians
Shortly after this, Elizabeth executed Mary Stuart for conspiracy against her reign. Philip II (1527-1598) of Spain, who had seen Mary as one means of reestablishing Catholicism in England, mounted the Spanish Armada to accomplish this purpose. As the Spanish fleet moved northward in 1588, it first was attacked by Elizabeth's fleet and then was almost destroyed by what Protestants took to be a providential storm. Some Spanish survivors sailed around Britain to Ireland and then back to Spain. The defeat removed the Spanish threat and encouraged England in its exploration and colonization of what became English America, giving birth to the British Empire.
With the ascendancy of William and Mary to the throne of England religious conflict did abate. In this connection, when William addressed the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, he suggested that "moderation" was now needed. Later, during Queen Anne's reign, the Act of Security safeguarded Presbyterians in the north as the parliaments of the two countries were united in 1707. However, the Patronage Act gave to aristocrats who controlled church property the right to present ministers to parishes, thus undercutting one of the prerogatives of congregations, that of electing their own pastors.
Calvin's legal mind pressed him to reflect on this matter in relation to God's omnipotence and omniscience. He was very uncomfortable about doing so because it led him to affirm a double election, to salvation, or to death and separation from God. Calvin discussed this matter when writing about God's free grace in Jesus Christ. He considered it a comforting doctrine for the believer, and he warned about endless speculation over this matter. This problem of election surfaced at the Synod of Don in the Netherlands, 1618-1619, an ecumenical conference of Protestants who gathered to respond to Jacobus Arminius, who stressed human freedom in the matter of our response to God.
A Brief History of the Presbyterians by James H. Smylie